Types of Heart Disease in Children

Heart diseases are troublesome enough when people are affected, although it becomes devastating in children. Children may be affected by several different forms of heart illnesses. It involves congenital heart diseases, heart-affecting infectious diseases and sometimes even heart failure later in life due to illness and genetic syndromes.

But, the encouraging thing is that several children having heart disease continue to live healthy, productive lives with advancements in medicine and technology innovation.

Congenital Heart Diseases

Congenital Heart diseases is a form of cardiac disease in which babies are born, apparently due to cardiac deficiencies that develop during birth. Approximately 1% of children born every year get a trustworthy CHD supply in the USA.

CHDs Impact on Children:

  • Heart valve conditions including an aortic valve narrowing that prevents blood supply
  • Hypoplastic left cardiovascular syndrome with the poorly developed left-sided heart side
  • Heart trouble, usually between the walls of the chambers & the main blood vessels, such as:
  1. ventricular septal disease
  2. atrial septal disease
  3. Fallot tetralogy, which incorporates four abnormalities, such as Fallot
  4. a septum hole present in the ventricle
  5. a limited path between the pulmonary artery and the right side ventricle
  6. a right-side heart becomes thick
  7. a moved aorta

A Congenital heart problem can affect a child’s health for a long time. They usually undergo operations, drugs, catheter therapies, and heart transplants in extreme situations. Children suffering from it will need lifelong care.


Atherosclerosis seems to be the term that describes the development of high cholesterol and fat-filled plaques within the arteries of high cholesterol. If the accumulation increases, vessels become tightened and diminished, raising the danger of blood coagulation and heart attack. Atherosclerosis usually takes several years to develop. It is rare to undergo it for kids or teens. 

However, the increased risk for children is overweight, asthma, diabetes, and other wellness problems. Doctors suggest that children who’ve had risk factors, including a family back history of disorders in heart or diabetes, moreover are obese or overweight are tested for cholesterol and high BP.

Therapy usually includes changes in lifestyles, such as prolonged exercise and nutritional changes.


Arrhythmias are an irregular heart rhythm. It will reduce the effectiveness of heart pumping.

In children, there can be several common forms of arrhythmias, such as:

  • a high cardiac rhythm (tachycardia), the much more common form of tachycardia seen in children
  • a sluggish rate of the heart (bradycardia)
  • Q-T long syndrome 
  • White syndrome from Wolff-Parkinson 

Requires symptoms:

  • weakness
  • difficulty feeding
  • dizziness
  • fatigue
  • fainting

Treatment depends on the kind of rhythm and how much it impacts the health of the infant.

Kawasaki Diseases

It is indeed a unique disease affecting children mainly, contributing to inflammation throughout their palms, mouth, feet, tongue, and throat of blood vessels. It also causes the lymph nodes to swelling and fever. Observers don’t know what is causing it yet.

In up to 1 out of 4 infants, diabetes is a substantial cause of heart disease according to the AHA. The bulk are less than five years of age.

The procedure relies on the condition’s seriousness but uses intravenous globulin and aspirin to be handled rapidly. Even corticosteroids will mitigate potential risks. Children affected by this condition also need lifelong obey to keep a close eye on cardiovascular wellness.

Heart Murmurs

The murmur in the heart is a noise produced by blood pumped throughout the valves or chambers of the heart, or by blood vessels in the periphery of the heart. It’s always inoffensive. A primary cardiovascular condition can also be signalled on some occasions.

 Flu, CHDs, or anaemia may create heart murmurs. When a specialist hears a child’s irregular heart murmur, they will conduct more checks to ensure that the heart remains safe. “Innocent” heart murmur resolves typically by itself; however, if its murmurs are the result of a heart condition, further care may be needed.


The disease is causing inflammation of or infection in the thin bag or membrane covering the heart known as the pericardium. The volume of liquid between the two layers rises and impairs the heart’s capacity to pump blood.

Pericarditis can be affected by urinary infections, chest fractures, or conjunctive tissue diseases, such as lupus, following surgery. The seriousness of the condition, the age of the patient, and the well-being of the child rely on treatment.

Rheumatic Heart Diseases

Bacteria which develop Scarlet fever and Streptococcus could also contribute to rheumatic heart diseases once left untreated.

This disorder will affect the heart muscle, including the valve of the heart severely and forever (by causing inflammation in heart muscle, termed as myocarditis). Rheumatic fever generally develops in children aged 5 to age 15, as per Seattle Children’s Hospital; however, signs of rheumatic heart condition usually do not manifest 10-20 years following the initial condition. In the United States, rheumatic and subsequent heart diseases are now rare.

The treatment of strep throat containing antibiotics will prevent this illness.

Viral Infections

The virus can impact heart health as well as cause respiratory disease or influenza. Viral diseases can induce myocarditis, impairing the heart’s capacity to pump blood in the whole body.

Viral heart diseases are unique and can have no symptoms. When flu-like indications arise, like fatigue, breath shortness and chest distress are similar. Therapy includes narcotics and procedures for myocarditis effects.

Final Words

There are many other heart diseases that can affect childrens like Pulmonary Stenosis, Pulmonary Atresia, Truncus Arteriosus, Tricuspid Atresia and so on. The only thing we should remember is that if a child is suffering from heart disease, then he or she should be given the utmost care and given a proper prescribed treatment referred by a heart specialist who knows all the details and has experience in the same. It would help if you did not try to apply home remedies in this situation as this can worsen the situation more, and in this case, the child will suffer more. Proper care and prescribed medicine can help to treat various heart diseases in children. All you need to have is patience.

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